ENGLISH SONGS


 PARTS OF SPEECH SONG
(to the tune of “Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star”)

Every NOUN will say its name,
like Shakespeare, Stratford, stage or fame.

In place of nouns the PRONOUNS stand,
like he and she will clap their hands.

An ADJECTIVE describes a thing,
like magic wand or wedding ring.

A VERB* shows something being or done:
to read, to write, to be, to run!

How things are done the ADVERBS tell
like quickly, slowly, badly, well.

A PREPOSITION shows relation
like in the street or at the station.

CONJUNCTIONS join in many ways,
and, or, but join word and phrase.

An INTERJECTION calls out “Hark!”
I need an exclamation mark!

EIGHT parts of speech, it’ll be no sweat;
Just sing this song and don’t forget!

-Modified from an old English classroom rhyme about grammar.
*A VERB shows what a subject does (active), is (linking), or endures (passive).


 HAPPY BIRTHDAY, NOUN JOBS!
The subject gets...
the direct object...
of the possessive...
to the indirect...
in the preposition's object.

The subjects get...
the direct objects...
of the possessives...
to the indirects...
in the preposition's objects.

Examples - 
1. Sophia (subject) collected the essays (direct object) of her rhetoric class (possessive) for her favorite teacher (indirect object) in college (object of the preposition).

2. Trinity (subject) got the sub (direct object) of the day (possessive) for her dad (indirect object) waiting in the car (object of the preposition).


PRONOUN-OUETTE
I and you,
He, she, it,
We and ye,
They won't quit.
These are all the
Personal pronouns.
Personal! Personal!
Pronouns! Pronouns!
I and you,
He, she, it,
We and ye,
They won't quit.


ADJECTIVE SONG  (AIN'T WE GOT FUN?)
Ask "What kind?" "Which one?" "How many?" "Whose?"
And answer, yes answer, "Red, White, and Blue's!"
Adjectives modify the nouns they choose.
So ask your questions,
And answer, yes answer, "Red, White, and Blue's!" x2

*What kind of wagon? A red wagon. Which house is yours? The white house. How many words? Three words. Whose clues? Blue's clues! (possessive nouns like "Blue's" function as adjectives; the part of speech and the function are not the same.)

VERBAL SONG (THREE BLIND VERBALS)
Participles are adjectives, it's simple.
Present, Past, and Future, Active and Passive.
[Present]: Reading... being read
[Past]: Having read... having been read
[Future]: About to read... about to be read
Participles are adjectives, it's simple.

Gerunds are nouns that end in -ing,
Take the verbal base and add the ending:
"Read" becomes "reading",
"Write" becomes "writing",
"Be" becomes "being",
Gerunds are nouns that end in -ing.

Infinitives are verbals, too.
Take the verbal base and add the particle "to":
To be or not to be...
To see or not to see...
To flee or not to flee...
Infinitives are verbals, too.



 HELPING VERB SONG
(to the tune of “Entry of the Gladiators” aka "The Circus Song")

Am, is, are, was, were, shall, be,
Will, been, being, have, has, had,
Would, could, should, may, might,
Must, can, do, did, does, and having!



LINKING VERB SONG
Am, is, are, was, were, and be!
Forms of be!
Forms of be!
Look, feel, taste, smell, sound, and seem...
Grow, become, appear, remain.


ADVERB SONG (AIN'T WE GOT FUN?)
Ask "When?" "Where?" "Why?" "How?" and "How much?"
And answer, yes answer "Now, quickly, such!"
Adverbs modify the verbs they touch!
So ask your questions,
And answer, yes answer, "Now, quickly, such!" x2


 THE PREPOSITION SONG
(to the tune of “Yankee Doodle”)

Above, around, across, before,
Below, behind, beside,
After, during, under, for,
Down, onto, at, from, inside,
In, on, off, by, up, with, to,
Near, despite, until, beyond,
Outside, out, of, toward, through,
Unlike, except, past, along


I'VE BEEN WORKING ON CONJUNCTIONS
I've been working on conjunctions,
All the live-long day,
I've been working on conjunctions,
Just to pass the time away.
For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So,
Join independent clauses.
Whenever, however, although,
Subordinate dependent clauses.
FANBOYS on A WHITE BUS.
For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So,
If, Therefore, Because, Unless,
Since, and Even Though!

* The acronym "A WHITE BUS" is a mnemonic for the following subordinating conjunctions:
Although, As
Whenever (When), Wherever (Where), While
However
If
Therefore
Even though
Because
Unless
Since


SCHOOL HOUSE ROCK
From the "Saturday morning cartoon" age, these songs taught children like me the first rudiments of English grammar. All eight parts of speech are explained with catchy tunes and creative animations.

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