GENDER SONG

When the Genders Come Marching In

First declension,
Mostly feminine,
But PACAPAINS are an exception,
Pīrāta, agricola, collēga, aurīga,
Poēta, āthlēta, incola, nauta, scrība.

Second declension,
Neuter + masculine,
But HARP and trees are exceptions,
Humus, Aegyptus, Rhodus, papyrus,
Quercus, laurus, alnus, and cedrus.

Third Declension
-R: Masculine;
-S, -Ō, -X: Feminine
-L, -A, -N, -C, -E, -T, -US -RIS, ŌS -RIS: Neuter;
Sol (m), piscis (m), leō (m), mōns (m),  are some exceptions.*

Fourth Declension,
-us masculine,
But manus is an exception,
-ū (cornū) is neuter,
As are genū, gelū, and pecū.

Fifth declension,
Mostly feminine,
Like rēs, faciēs, and glaciēs,
But diēs is an exception,
It's mostly masculine,
But sometimes feminine.

*Third Declension exceptions abound. Here are some general rules with some common exceptions.

Masculine Rule: -ōs, -ex, -es, -er, -or (Oh, sexes! Error!) (Exceptions: iter n, ūber n, acer n, vēr n... arbor f, aequor n, marmor n, cor n).

Feminine: -s (preceded by ā, ē, i, ū and consonants... not by ō... see masculine rule), -ō, -x (except when preceded by -e... see masculine rule) (exceptions: leō m, sermō m, ōrdō m... ignis m, sanguis m, collis m, mēnsis m, orbis m, piscis m, oriēns m, mōns m, pōns m, fōns m, dēns m..., pēs m, vās n.)

Neuter: -l, -a, -n, -c, -e, -t, -us (-ris), ōs (-ris), -ar, -ur (exceptions: sōl m, sāl m, lepus m, pecus f).


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